Population structure and distribution pattern of barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) in margalla hills
National park, Pakistan
The belt transect sampling of the population of the barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak) over some 71 km2 of the favorable habitat in Margalla Hills National Park, Pakistan (western extremities of Lesser Himalayas), during winter 2004-05 suggests that an estimated population of 86 is distributed in southern slopes with an average density of 1.21+0.14/km2 (range 0.80 - 1.45).The population exhibits a growth rate of 4.14% per annum (1971 and 1991) and 1.94% (1991 and 2005). This population exhibits a sex ratio of 1.45 (female/male) and a fawn/female ratio of 0.25. The majority of the sightings (64.29%) are singles and 35.71% in groups of two (two females 10%, male-female 20%, female-fawn 70%). The deer habitat has reasonably good plant diversity (35 species). The population density appears to increase with the increasing altitude, plant diversity and herb/grass cover. The maximum density appears at medium tree cover (19%) and shrub cover has no effect on density.
Population Structure and Distribution pattern of Barking Deer (Muntiacus muntjak)