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Poaching

Poaching is the illegal killing/ trapping/ live capturing of animals, usually to eat or sell. It is a major problem in Pakistan. More and more wild animal species are disappearing, year after year, and poaching and hunting are the main contributing factors in such extinctions.

Reasons/ types for Poaching

Poaching is caused by the desire for some kind of profit. basically, it is of three types, determined by the scale of profit.

  • Subsistence poachers, poach to get food, or to sell the poached animal for a small amount of money in order to buy food. They are driven by poverty and hunger.

  • Commercial poachers, poach as a money-making venture. They are not driven by the need to survive–but by a desire of a massive financial gain.

  • Trophy poachers, poach to make enormous profit through trading in endangered species. They are driven by sheer greed.

Both commercial and trophy poaching are still exercised as there is a worldwide demand for the products. This demand is caused by lack of education among the masses. 

 Solutions to Poaching or anti-poaching measures

  1. Reduce the demand for poached products.

  2. Reduce poaching activity by:

    • Alleviating poverty and generation of alternative employment.
    • Monitoring and controlling of poachers, using anti-poaching units.
    • Regional/Sub-regional co-operation to monitor, assess and manage wildlife resources.
    • Stronger enforcement of anti-poaching laws and restrictions.
    • Awarding severe penalties for poaching.

In Pakistan, poaching has been common. BRC 'Bear Census Project' helped us in estimating the number of bears being presently maintained in captivity, and in identifying the subsistent and commercial poachers of bears. Suitable projects can be developed whereby poaching could be stopped through involving the stakeholders.

For this purpose BRC's deigning a new project by the name of “Alternative Livelihood”, to provide these people an alternate source of earning  their livelihood.
 
 

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