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Volume 2 Issue 13, October & November, 2013, Editor Zulfiqar Ali, Associate Editor Madeeha Manzoor, Editor Photography Usman Hanif, Publisher: Zulfiqar ALi G-6/4, Islamabad, Pakistan.
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Editorial

Living part of the world is complex and its ecology more complex. Human involvement further increases this complexity. We the scientists are frequently carried away by our observations, made for a limited time and analyzed with simpler perspectives of human mind. There are frequent examples of jumping at a simpler conclusions which subsequently proved to be much complex with disastrous results. Simpler observation on insect killing effect of chemicals, like DDT, lead to a wide spread use of insecticides in our aspiration to get rid of harmful insects. Under genetic elasticity existing in populations of these harmful insects still survive, despite the fact that we are producing and using different generation of insecticides against these insects. Additionally this resulted in pollution and accumulation of these chemicals in general environment, bio-accumulating in different species, including human being, and causing a multitude of abnormalities/malfunctioning and imbalances in ecosystem. Simpler observation of effect of chemicals, with nitrate or sulphates, on increase in plant growth/ production introduced the chemical fertilizers in the agriculture, replacing the organic manure. Wide spread use of these fertilizers, under expert syndrome, is now resulting in leaching of the soil of the essential plant nutrients (plants using 25-30 elements for growth), accumulation of such chemicals in soil and even underground water resources and working as xeno-hormones to effect animal and plant life. We, the scientists, are now asking for reverting back to the organic farming, using traditional organic mature. Scientific literature is full of such cases of simpler initial observation proving to have complex of the effects.
We, the conservationists, have a vision on complexities of nature and foresight on detrimental effects of changes in the ecosystem on life on this planet; and thence future survival of human race. Under their vision/ wisdom on such effects we become scared of change in nature. We want to maintain status quo in bioresources of this planet. Yes, changes in ecosystem at many places prove detrimental but at times we become over-reactive to simpler casual observation. We start ringing much louder alarm bells erratically on direct/indirect record of a change in bioresources. Wisdom makes a man coward. Are not we are becoming coward to changes? Life is the name of change and universe is ever changing. Casual observation of a fire in some jungle, reports of killing of some rare animal, or photograph of a flood of floating dead should not make us over-reactive.
We, as conservationists, need to keep our eyes open to perceive the change and wisdom unbiased to collectively analyze the change and its impacts; and ring the bell as and when required. Sound of our alarm bell should have sufficient supportive data/ observations. We need to explore the impact of the change on case to case basis, keeping the practicalities in view and allowing development in the interest of human community and the nation. Bioresource management needs a balanced approach between over- and under-exploitation of the biotic resources allowing smooth flow human life; which needs a well calculated move. We need to duly care the local wisdom available as it is based upon centuries old experiences, but analyzed under presently available wider knowledge base to jump at rightful conclusions for corrective conservation measures.